The Basics Behind Copper Solder Fittings

What Are Copper Solder Fittings?

Copper solder fittings are a resilient and reliable solution for your copper pipe fitting system in all types of installations. World Wide Metric’s copper solder fittings are compliant with the standards EN1254/1 and EN1254-4 and can be utilized in a wide variety of applications in both the construction and industrial engineering industries. Our copper solder fittings range is ISO 9001 certified and backed by numerous certificates of quality that verify their use in all domestic water, heating installations and gas installations.

The most common areas of use for copper solder fittings are in heating systems, hot and cold domestic water systems, cooling systems, gas installations, chilled water systems, compressed air systems (up to 30 bar/30°C) and solar plants. World Wide Metric provides copper solder fittings that are manufactured from high quality materials and those that are suitable for all types of copper piping including hard, half hard or soft.

Copper Fittings 2

World Wide Metric and Copper Solder Fittings

World Wide Metric’s copper solder fittings sizes range from 6mm to 109 mm allowing it to be applicable to a multitude of systems. For additional convenience, these fittings have their internal surfaces precision cleaned to eliminate oily residues due to processing. This ensures adequate protection against rust under all operating conditions. Copper is among the most honorable material selections out there and is suitable for all superior quality installations.

Our selection includes 90° bends, 45° street elbows, 90° elbows, 90° street elbows, partial crossovers, full crossovers, straight couplings, equal tees, reducing tees fitting reducers, reducing couplings, straight adaptors, 180° return bends and much more. For our full selection, please visit our website.

How to Install Copper Solder Fittings

During the installation process, copper solder fittings are soldered to copper pipe or tubing. The first step, of course, is to cut your tubing or pipe. To cut your copper tubing, you can either use a hacksaw or a copper tube cutter that is designed specifically for the task at hand. Although both will make an acceptable cut, the tube cutter will ensure a square cut and tends to leave fewer burrs. When using a tube cutter be sure that your tubing is being held in place by a vise or clamp.

After your tubing is cut, remove the burrs from inside the pipe. This can be done with a simple wire brush that is designed for that specific purpose. However, if you are cutting your tubing or pipe with a hacksaw it may be more effective to use a half-round file to help remove the burrs as there be many more from this method of cutting. Be sure to keep in mind while cutting your tubing or pipe that an allowance must be made for how much the fittings increase and the overall length of the run. It will vary depending on the fitting being used, but a general rule of thumb is to add about a half inch for each fitting to the length of pipe you cut.

Copper Fittings

Before attaching the fitting to your pipe, be sure you clean the end of your tubing or pipe with a cleaning brush. The area that is inserted in the fitting must be cleaned until it is bright all around. If the cleaning brush does not accomplish the task, use sandpaper or steel wool. Double check your copper fitting to ensure that there is no debris or foreign matter inside, as this will cause an ineffective seal.

The next step is to apply a light coat of flux or soldering paste to the cleaned end of your copper pipe or tube as well as the inside of your fitting. This ensures a firm bond between the copper and solder and will help the copper for oxidizing when heated. Place the copper fitting on your pipe after it is thoroughly cleaned and coated. When it is firmly in place, rotate both the pipe and fitting a few times to spread the flux or paste evenly.

The most common way of sweating copper pipe is by using a propane torch. You will use the propane flame in the middle of the fitting to heat both ends at the same time. Be sure not to apply heat directly to the fluxed area and be careful not to overheat the copper pipe. If you look at the flame on the side of the pipe away from the torch and there is a green flame, this means the fitting is ready to solder.

Once the fitting and pipe are ready, apply the solder to the pipe where it joins the fitting. The solder should flow easily into the fitting. You only need a bit of heat around the whole circumference of the tube. After the solder melts, wipe away the excess with a towel and let the fitting cool before touching it.

 

Sources:

1-http://www.planitdiy.com/how-to/plumbing/how-to-sweat-copper-pipes-fittings/

2-http://www.frabo.com/media/10456/en-de-st-s5000cu-00-2012.pdf

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